The IMO Council is the executive body of the Organization.
This organ is responsible for supervising the work of the Organization, that is, the work of the Committees. As we will see in the next post, they depend on the Assembly, because it is the highest governing body of the IMO.
In order to achieve its purpose, the Council meets twice a year (and of course whenever it is necessary on an Extraordinary Session). Those meetings are hold on July and on December every year.
Who forms it?
The IMO Council is formed by 40 members of the Organization and it’s elected by the Assembly every two years. Those 40 members are classified on the following categories:
- Category a: 10 states with the largest interest in providing international shipping services.
- Category b: 10 states with the largest interest in international seaborne trade.
- Category c: 20 states nor elected on any on the other categories with special interests in maritime transport or navigation; or those whose election to the Council will ensure the representation of all major geographic areas of the world.
What do they do?
As we said before, the Council is in charge for supervising the work of the IMO and it’s the executive body of the Organization but, can we be more specific?
- The Council will submit to the Assembly the work program of the Committees.
- They will submit for approval to the Assembly the budget of the Organization.
- The Council will elect the Secretary-General.
- Between every Assembly session, the Council will be the head body of the Organization except on those issues regarding recommending to Members for adoption of regulations and guidelines.